Phenotypic Bayesian phylodynamics: hierarchical graph models, antigenic clustering and latent liabilities

Date Wednesday February 05, 2014 at 9:30 AM
Location 5229 Life Sciences Building
Speaker Gabriela Cybis, Doctoral Graduate Student, Department of Biomathematics, UCLA
Sponsoring Dept UCLA Biomathematics
Abstract Combining models for phenotypic and molecular evolution can lead to powerful inference tools. Under the fl exible framework of Bayesian phylogenetics, I develop statistical methods to address phylodynamic problems in this intersection. First, I present a hierarchical phylogeographic method that combines information across multiple datasets to draw inference on a common geographical spread process. Each dataset represents a parallel realization of this geographic process on a different group of taxa, and the method shares information between these realizations through a hierarchical graph structure. Additionally, I develop a multivariate latent liability model for assessing phenotypic correlation among sets of traits, while controlling for shared evolutionary history. This method can effi ciently estimate correlations between multiple continuous traits, binary traits and discrete traits with many ordered or unordered outcomes. Finally, I present a method that uses phylogenetic information to study the evolution of antigenic clusters in infl uenza. The method builds an antigenic cartography map informed by the assignment of each infl uenza strain to one of the antigenic clusters.
Flyer Cybis_defense_seminar.pdf